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The Type 75 Floor Lamp ends the search for a cleanly elegant reading light that melds with a variety of interiors. A variation of the Anglepoise classic, the Type 75 is defined by its iconic profile and full adjustability that puts the light exactly where it is needed. Esteemed British industrial designer Sir Kenneth Grange, who refreshed the design for the current day, has called it a “minor miracle of balance,” which no doubt has made the Type 75 a versatile favorite for generations.
Here’s the unlikely tale of how an iconic British design literally "sprung" from an amateur inventor’s workshop. More than 70 years ago, automotive engineer George Carwardine, tinkering with constant-tension metal springs developed by the French firm Terry’s, found they could be moved in any direction but then “stayed put.” He didn’t find an application for cars but envisioned a task lamp based on the mechanics of the human arm. Notably, he added a shade to focus the light which meant that it used less electricity than usual at the time.
With patent in hand in 1934, George debuted the first Anglepoise at the British Industries Fair. Since then, his original model 1227 and succeeding variations have proved timeless to generations of students, artists and professionals. Anglepoise lamps were produced for World War II bombers, celebrated in a Royal Mail stamp and have inspired tributes from musicians, artists and writers. With new energy-saving strides, the Anglepoise remains true to its defining minimalist design and efficiency.